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These small birds have large heads, flat beaks and short legs.


They feed by darting out from their perch and catching insects such as flies, grasshoppers and beetles. They also forage for food, including berries and fruit, on the ground.

The vermilion is the most eye-catching of the flycatchers in the Galapagos. The male has a bright red crown and chest with dark upperparts. The female is much less colourful with brown upperparts and a yellow throat and belly. Dainty birds, they are about 14cm in length.  They are found on all the main islands and breed from September to May, nesting in bushes and trees. They lay 2 to 3 eggs which hatch after about 2 weeks. Young birds leave the nest about 2 weeks later.

The large-billed, or Galapagos, flycatcher is seen on all the islands apart from Genovesa, Darwin and Wolf. It’s a rather dowdy bird with a light brown head and back and pale throat and chest. It has a thick, black bill. They are slightly larger than the vermilion flycatcher, at 16cm. They are very tame and inquisitive and often perch on people and cameras and are known to fly into buildings looking for insects. Their main breeding season is from January to May when females usually lay 3 to 5 eggs.